Tourism in India(History and Development)

India, officially the Republic of India is a country in South Asia. It is the second-most populous country, the seventh-largest country by area, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to west China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; it’s Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.

Modern humans arrived on the Indian subcontinent from Africa no later than 55,000 years ago. Their long occupation, initially in varying forms of isolation as hunter-gatherers, has made the region highly diverse, second only to Africa in human genetic diversity. Settled life emerged on the subcontinent in the western margins of the Indus river basin 9,000 years ago, evolving gradually into the Indus Valley Civilisation of the third millennium BCE. By 1200 BCE, an archaic form of Sanskrit, an Indo-European language, had diffused into India from the northwest, unfolding as the language of the Rigveda, and recording the dawning of Hinduism in India. The Dravidian languages of India were supplanted in the northern regions. By 400 BCE, stratification and exclusion by caste had emerged within Hinduism, and Buddhism and Jainism had arisen, proclaiming social orders unlinked to heredity. Early political consolidations gave rise to the loose-knit Maurya and Gupta Empires based in the Ganges Basin. Their collective era was suffused with wide-ranging creativity but also marked by the declining status of women, and the incorporation of untouchability into an organized system of belief. In South India, the Middle kingdoms exported Dravidian-languages scripts and religious cultures to the kingdoms of southeast Asia

About Book

Title : Tourism Development: Principles and Practices
Author : A.K. Bhatia
Publisher : Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd, 2002
ISBN : 8120724097, 9788120724099
Length : 424 pages

The Beginnings of South Indian History

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work.

This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work.

As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

About Book

Title : The Beginnings of South Indian History
Author : Sakkottai Krishnaswami Aiyangar
Edition : illustrated
Publisher : Creative Media Partners, LLC, 2015
ISBN : 1341916499, 9781341916496
Length : 402 pages

Ancient India and South Indian History & Culture

This Book about the history of southern India covers a span of over four thousand years during which the region saw the rise and fall of a number of dynasties and empires. The period of the known history of the region begins with the Iron Age (1200 BCE to 24 BCE) period until the 14th century CE. Dynasties of Satavahana, Chola, Chera, Pandyan, Chalukya, Pallava, Rashtrakuta, Kakatiya, Sauna (Yadava) dynasty and Hoysala were at their peak during various periods of history. These Dynasties constantly fought amongst each other and against external forces when Muslim armies invaded southern India. Vijayanagara empire rose in response to the Muslim intervention and covered the most of southern India and acted as a bulwark against Mughal expansion into the south. When the European powers arrived during the 16th and 18th century CE, the southern kingdoms, most notably Tipu Sultan’s Kingdom of Mysore, resisted the new threats, and many parts eventually succumbed to British occupation. The British created the Madras Presidency which covered most of southern India directly administered by the British Raj, and divided the rest into a number of dependent princely states. After Indian independence, South India was linguistically divided into the states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Kerala.

About Book

Title : Ancient India and South Indian History & Culture: Papers on Indian History and Culture
Authors : Sakkottai Krishnaswami Aiyangar, Śā kkoṭṭai Krisṇaswāmi Aiyangār
Publisher : Oriental Book Agency, 1941
Length : 946 pages


The sixth edition of Anthony Giddens’ Sociology is the best yet. Revised and updated throughout, it provides an authoritative overview of recent global developments and new ideas in sociology. Classic debates are also given careful coverage, with even the most complex ideas explained in an engaging way. Written in a fluent, easy–to–follow style, the book manages to be intellectually rigorous but still very accessible. It aims to engage and excite readers, helping them to see the value of thinking sociologically. The sixth edition includes substantive new material on education, media, social theory, inequalities, politics and government, and a whole new chapter on war and terrorism further revisions and updates in all the chapters a strong focus on global sociology, and the sociological imagination new ‘classic studies’ boxes, which examine in detail influential empirical research additional ‘thinking critically’ sections woven through the text, to stimulate students’ own insights specially chosen, eye-catching photographs, which capture the everyday drama of the social world A best–selling textbook for more than 20 years, the sixth edition sets the standard for introductory sociology.

It is the ideal teaching text for first-year university and college courses and will help to inspire a new generation of sociologists. The sixth edition of Anthony Giddens’ Sociology is the best yet. Revised and updated throughout, it provides an authoritative overview of recent global developments and new ideas in sociology. Classic debates are also given careful coverage, with even the most complex ideas explained in an engaging way. Written in a fluent, easy–to–follow style, the book manages to be intellectually rigorous but still very accessible. It aims to engage and excite readers, helping them to see the value of thinking sociologically

About Book

Title : Sociology
Authors : Anthony GiddensSimon Griffiths
Publisher : Polity, 2006
ISBN : 074563379X, 9780745633794
Length : 1094 pages

Political Theory

This book about of welfare state, and explores the ideologies of capitalism, socialism, and communism. It helps readers understand how humankind has come to look at the idea of Justice over the years and how it has defined liberty and equality for the classes. It also tries to throw light on the evolution of the republic and eventually democracy, showing how the state has changed in its view regarding the public and the rights and duties it assigns to them in current times. It also explores communism and Marxist theories, exploring how socialism changed after Marx. It also discusses the evils of Fascism and Nazism, explaining how they drove the world to hate crimes and war. In addition, the book explores the political thoughts of Mohandas Gandhi, the Father of the Indian Nation, as well as those of others, showing how we are progressing towards a better governance model. The book is an indispensable resource for all political science graduates.

About the Authors

  • Eddy Asirvatham is an Indian political scientist and academician with a vast experience in teaching political theory at various colleges. He has contributed widely to several journals on his theories and has helped many students carve their careers in the bfield, guiding them through his lectures and theories.
  • K. K. Misra is an Indian writer and editor who has worked with Dr. Asirvatham in bringing out this book. Specifications

About Book

Title: Political Theory
Author: Eddy Asirvatham
Edition: 3
Publisher: Upper India Publishing House, 1948
Length: 763 pages

History of the Pallavas of Kanchi

This book about Pallavas, Pallavas became a major power during the reign of Mahendravarman I (571–630 CE) and Narasimhavarman I (630–668 CE) and dominated the Telugu and northern parts of the Tamil region for about 600 years until the end of the 9th century. Throughout their reign, they were in constant conflict with both Chalukyas of Badami in the north and the Tamil kingdoms of Chola and Pandyas in the south. Pallava was finally defeated by the Chola ruler Aditya I in the 9th century CE.

Pallavas are most noted for their patronage of architecture, the finest example being the Shore Temple, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Mamallapuram. The Pallavas, who left behind magnificent sculptures and temples, established the foundations of medieval South Indian architecture. They developed the Pallava script from which Grantha ultimately descended. The Pallava script gave rise to several other southeast Asian scripts. Chinese traveler Xuanzang visited Kanchipuram during Pallava rule and extolled their benign rule.

About Book

Title: History of the Pallavas of Kanchi by R. Gopalan
Author: R. Gopalan
Editor: Sakkottai Krishnaswami Aiyangar
Publisher: the University of Madras
Length: 245 pages

Indian Administration

This edition of the Indian Administration is completely revised and updated text. Chapters have been enlarged and rewritten. Fresh chapters have been added on Planning and Audit, making this the most comprehensive treatise on Indian administration today. This is a recommended text for undergraduate students of both political science and public administration.

S. R. Maheshwari’s Indian Administration is a comprehensive book for undergraduate and graduate students of political science and public administration. The book comprises chapters, which cover the entire Indian administration syllabus. In addition, there are revised chapters and new chapters on planning and audit which will greatly help the students. This book is essential for all political science students.

Book Info

Title: Indian Administration (Sixth Edition)
Author: Maheshwari
Publisher: Orient Blackswan, 2001
ISBN: 812501988X, 9788125019886
Length: 666 pages

The Early History of the Madras Region

This book by Barlow stands out because it was written in 1921 and represents a non-judgmental view of an Englishman who has apparently written other books about India of the past. I could find little else about Mr. Barlow; however, his writing style is simple and factual. He starts with the origins of Madraspatnam in the 1600s, and its evolution alongside Portuguese, French and Dutch Indian colonies on the South East coast of India. We learn about Fort St. George the nidus of East India Company that grew into a British India, of St. Mary’s Church -perhaps the first Protestant Church in India, and of St. Thome Cathedral where the Apostle Thomas may have been killed and buried. We find out about the old Ice House where they stored ice blocks and about fabled personalities as Francis Day, Robert Clive and Governor Elihu Yale.

here is far less emphasis, or even substantive mention, on how the Indians lived their daily lives or how they viewed the evolution of their town. The author does not entirely neglect this aspect, however. He does refer to the development of the educational system in Madras: for instance, he cites “Pachaiyappa’s College, a well-known Hindu institution,” and the birth of The University of Madras. You will not learn much about the sentiments of the day, the emotional undercurrents leading to the Freedom Movement, or the joys and tears of the daily life of non-English In

Book Info

Title: The early history of the Madras region
Author: K. V. Raman
Edition: 2, reprint
Publisher: C.P. Ramaswami Aiyar Foundation, 2008
ISBN: 8189758012, 9788189758011
Length :272 pages

A New Look At Modern Indian History

A New Look at Modern Indian History

This is one of the bestselling books on Modern Indian History covering the timeline from 1707 to modern times. The book covers the entire gamut in a very unique style- it mentions not only factual data about various topics but also provides information about different interpretations put forth by Western and Indian historians, with integrated analysis. This makes the book equally useful for undergraduate students of History and aspirants appearing for various competitive examinations

  • 27 appendices providing important information about Indian National movement and Freedom Struggle, Indian polity and economy, current events of national and international importance
  • Select Opinions of distinguished historians on the topic in question at the end of every chapter

Book Detail

Binding: Paperback
Language: English
Imprint:S. Chand Publishing
Trim size:6.75″ x 9.5″ inches
© year:1980


1. Decline And Disintegration Of The Mughal Empire
2. Achievements Of The Early Peshwas
3. Maratha Administration Under The Peshwas
4. Anglo-French Rivalry In The Carnatic
5. The Rise Of The English Power In Bengal
6. Career And Achievements Of Dupleix
7. Clive’S Second Governship Of Bengal,1965-67
8. Warren Hastings,1772-85
9. Administrative Reforms Of Cornwallis,1786-93
10. Lord Wellesley,1798-1805
11.Mysore Under Haider Ali and Tipu Sultan
12. Lord Hasting and Establishment of British Paramountcy in India
13. Anglo-Maratha Struggle for Supremacy
14. William Bentinck, 1828-35
15. The Annexation of Sind
16. Career and Achievements of Ranjit Singh
17. Punjab after Ranjit Singh and Anglo-Sikh Wars
18. Lord Dalhousie, 1848-56
19. Changes in Agrarian Structure: New Land Tenures and Land Revenue Policy
20. Changes in Administrative Structure and Policies under the East India Company
21. Tribal Revolts, Civil Rebellions, popular Movements, and Mutinies, 1757-1856
22. The Revolt of 1857
23. Administrative Reorganisation under the Crown, 1858-1947
24. India Under Lytton and Ripon
25. Lord George Nathaniel Curzon, 1899-1905
26. Anglo-Afghan Relations
27. The North-West Frontier
28. The Indian States
29. History of the Growth and Development of Education in India
30. The History of the Indian Press
31. Cultural Awakening, Religious and Social Reforms
32. Lower Caste Movements in Modern India
33. Eminent National Leaders of India
34. The Growth and Development of the India National Movement
35. The Left Movements in India
36.Growth of Industrial Working Class and the Trade Union Movement
37. Peasant Revolts and Agrarian Movements
38. The Development of Famine Policy
39. The Growth of Local Self-Government in India
40. Growth of the Constitution under the Company’s Rule
41. Growth of the Representative Government in India
42. The Road to Responsible Government-I
43. The Road to Responsible Government-II
44. The Transfer of Power
45. Growth of Communalism and the Partition of India
46. Indian Economy Under Colonial Rule
47. The Constitution of the Indian Republic
48. The Impact and Legacy of British Rule in India
49. Nehruvian Era: First Phase of Independence 1947-64
50. Literacy, Artistic and Cultural Movements in Modern India

The Substance of Politics

The Substance of Politics

This is a well-integrated and comprehensive textbook of political science primarily meant for undergraduate students of Indian universities. The book is critical as well as factual and presents a consistent thesis that the state exists for the benefit of the individual and not the individual for the State. It should be of great help to students, teachers, and the general reader who is interested in a well-written and modern introduction to politics.

This is one of the best books to get initiated to the fascinating subject of political theory and political organizations. It is even better than Eddy Asirvatham’s book on Political Theory that needs to be referred to if you are a beginner. Though some chapters have to be read in light of the changed global scenario (the last edition was written way back in 1974), I think the book stands the test of time as it delivers the essence of politics in simple and lucid language. The author A Appadorai was truly a savant in his chosen field. A must-buy from Oxford. The printing is also old-worldly and carries you back to those paperbacks days when reading was so much fun.

  • A core textbook for students of politics
  • Comprehensive in its coverage of topics
  • Discussions are both historical and comparative
  • The language is lucid and easy to understand which will help students
Author Information

A. Appadorai, Former Professor, School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi

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