The more we learn, the more we discover connections threading through our biochemical world. 10 writing the sixth edition, we have made every effort to preseot these connections in a way that will help first-time students of biochemistry understand the subject and how very relevant it is to their lives.
Biochemistry is returning to its roots to renew the study of its role in physiology, with the tools of molecular biology and the information gained from gene sequencing in hand. In the sixth edition, we emphasize that an understanding of biochemical pathways is the underpinning for an understanding of physiological systems. Biochemical pathways make more sense to students when they understand how these pathways relate to the physiology of familiar activities such as digestion, respiration, and exercise. In this edition, particularly in the chapters on metabolism, we have taken several steps to ensure that students have a view of the bigger picture: • Discussions of metabolic regulation emphasize the everyday conditions that determine regulation: exercise versus rest; fed versus fasting. • New pathway-integration figures show how multiple pathways work together under a specific condition, such as during a fast. • More physiologically relevant examples have been added throughout the book. This physiological perspective is also evident in the new chapter on drug development. The use of a foreign compound to inhibit a specific enzyme sometimes has surprising physiological consequences that reveal new physiological principles
Evolutionary perspectives greatly enable and enhance the study of biochemistry. As Theodosius Dobzhansky noted, “nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution.” Tn the course of evolution, mutations altered many proteins and biochemical motif.~ so that they perform different functions while maintaining their core biochemical elements . .By examining related proteins, we highlight essential chemical features as well as the specialization necessary for particular functions. The tracks of evolution are clear from the analysis of gene and protein sequences.
Title: Biochemistry Authors: Berg, Jeremy Mark. Biochemistry / Jeremy M. Berg, John L. Tymoczko, Lubert Stryer Publisher: Example Product Manufacturer (2006) ASIN: B004KPMRYS
Physical chemistry is the study of macroscopic, and particulate phenomena in chemical systems in terms of the principles, practices, and concepts of physics such as motion, energy, force, time, thermodynamics, quantum chemistry, statistical mechanics, analytical dynamics and chemical equilibrium.
Physical chemistry, in contrast to chemical physics, is predominantly (but not always) a macroscopic or supra-molecular science, as the majority of the principles on which it was founded relate to the bulk rather than the molecular/atomic structure alone (for example, chemical equilibrium and colloids).
one of the key concepts in classical chemistry is that all chemical compounds can be described as groups of atoms bonded together and chemical reactions can be described as the making and breaking of those bonds. Predicting the properties of chemical compounds from a description of atoms and how the bond is one of the major goals of physical chemistry. To describe the atoms and bonds precisely, it is necessary to know both where the nuclei of the atoms are, and how electrons are distributed around them. Quantum chemistry, a subfield of physical chemistry especially concerned with the application of quantum mechanics to chemical problems, provides tools to determine how strong and what shape bonds are, how nuclei move, and how light can be absorbed or emitted by a chemical compound. Spectroscopy is the related sub-discipline of physical chemistry which is specifically concerned with the interaction of electromagnetic radiation with matter.
Author: B.R. Puri, L.R. Sharma, M.S. Pathania Language: English Binding: Paperback Publisher: Vishal Publishing Co Genre: Academic and Professional ISBN: 9789382956785, 9382956786 Edition: 47th, 2016
polymer Chemistry: A Practical Approach in Chemistry has been designed for both chemists working in and new to the area of polymer synthesis. It contains detailed instructions for the preparation of a wide range of polymers by a wide variety of different techniques and describes how this synthetic methodology can be applied to the development of new materials. It includes details of well-established techniques, e.g. chain-growth or step-growth processes together with more up-to-date examples using methods such as atom transfer radical polymerization. Less well-known procedures are also included, e.g. electrochemical synthesis of conducting polymers and the preparation of liquid crystalline elastomers with highly ordered structures. Other topics covered include general polymerization methodology, controlled/”living” polymerization methods, the formation of cyclic oligomers during step-growth polymerization, the synthesis of conducting polymers based on heterocyclic compounds, dendrimers, the preparation of imprinted polymers and liquid crystalline polymers. The main bulk of the text is preceded by an introductory chapter detailing some of the techniques available to the scientist for the characterization of polymers, both in terms of their chemical composition and in terms of their properties as materials. The book is intended not only for the specialist in polymer chemistry but also for the organic chemist with little experience who requires a practical introduction to the field.
It is some time since Laurence Harwood suggested to me the idea of this volume of the Practical Approach in Organic Chemistry series, and whilst initially I could see the value of such a contribution, as the subsequent delay in production testiﬁes,I have had some difﬁculty in transposing this topic to a relatively small text.
Series: The Practical Approach in Chemistry Series Hardcover: 266 pages Publisher: Oxford University Press; 1 edition (December 9, 2004) Language: English ISBN-10: 0198503091 ISBN-13: 978-0198503095
Polymer chemistry is a sub-discipline of chemistry that focuses on the chemical synthesis, structure, chemical and physical properties of polymers and macromolecules. The principles and methods used within polymer chemistry are also applicable through a wide range of other chemistry sub-disciplines like organic chemistry, analytical chemistry, and physical chemistry Many materials have polymeric structures, from fully inorganic metals and ceramics to DNA and other biological molecules, however, polymer chemistry is typically referred to in the context of synthetic, organic compositions. Synthetic polymers are ubiquitous in commercial materials and products in everyday use, commonly referred to as plastics, and rubbers, and are major components of composite materials. Polymer chemistry can also be included in the broader fields of polymer science or even nanotechnology, both of which can be described as encompassing polymer physics and polymer engineering.
Polymer Science and technology has developed tremendously over the last few decades, and the production of polymers and plastics products has increased at a remarkable pace. By the end of 2000, nearly 200 million tons per year of plastic materials were produced worldwide (about 2% of the wood used, and nearly 5% of the oil harvested) to fulfill the ever-growing needs of the plastic age; in the industrialized world plastic materials are used at a rate of nearly 100 kg per person per year. Plastic materials with over $250 billion dollars per year contribute about 4% to the gross domestic product in the United States. Plastics have no counterpart in other materials in terms of weight, ease of fabrication, efficient utilization, and economics. It is no wonder that the demand and the need for teaching in polymer science and technology have increased rapidly. To teach polymer science, a readable and up-to-date introductory textbook is required that covers the entire field of polymer science, engineering, technology, and the commercial aspect of the field. This goal has been achieved in Carraher’s textbook. It is eminently useful for teaching polymer science in departments of chemistry, chemical engineering, and material science, and also for teaching polymer science and technology in polymer science institutes, which concentrate entirely on the science and technologies of polymers.
Title: Seymour/Carraher’s Polymer Chemistry: Sixth Edition Author: Charles E. Carraher Jr. Publisher: CRC Press (1750) ASIN: B01F9GOWTE
A classic Pharmacology book trusted equally by students and practicing physicians for its up-to-date, accurate and reliable text, which has always placed before the readers an integrated approach intertwining current knowledge of pathophysiology of the disease, pharmacology of available drugs and strategies for medical management of diseases.
• Trusted Pharmacology book with emphasis on pathophysiology, clinical pharmacology and therapeutics, presenting information in integrated manner.
• Up-to-date information supplemented with tables and diagrams, having: – therapy of important diseases presented inboxes. – current guidelines to support therapeutic decisions – tips for practicing physicians.
• Uses an integrated approach intertwining current knowledge of the pathophysiology of the disease, pharmacology of available drugs, and strategies for medical management of diseases. • Balances the complexity and simplicity of scientific content to provide students of medicine and/or pharmacy an insight into rational therapeutics.
Paperback: 1170 pages Publisher: Elsevier India; 24 edition (20 July 2015) Language: English ISBN-10: 8131243613 ISBN-13: 978-8131243619
THE various text-books on soil science that have been produced by Prof. Lyon and his associates at Cornell University overlap one another to a certain extent. Much of the present volume will also be found within the pages of “Soils: their Properties and Management,” by Profs. Lyon, Fippen, and Buckman, but the book as a whole marks a definite advance on the earlier ones, and further establishes the prominent position occupied by the Cornell school in soil investigations.
Explores the principles/properties of soils – their physical, chemical, and biological characteristics – and highlights the processes by which soils interact with the environment. It also considers construction engineering and landscape architecture applications of soil science principles
Nanotechnology is one of the most exciting and dynamic fields to emerge over the last 100 years. Governments, industry, and academia have invested huge amounts of effort and large sums of money on fundamental research in the search for new or improved applications. New insights have emerged and applications have been developed in semiconductor, automotive, aerospace, textile, and cosmetics industries. Nanotechnology is widely expected to have a massive impact on commercial applications in the near future.
Nobel Laureate Richard P. Feynman’s’ vision, outlined in his famous lecture ‘There is Plenty of Room at the Bottom’, is finally being realized due to developments in the revolutionary ‘microchip’ technology that is clearly seen in devices that are now commonly found in electronics shops all over the world. Almost everyone is carrying around a supercomputer in their pockets in the form of a smartphone or tablet.
The academic impact of nanotechnology after Feynman has been recognized with Nobel Prizes being awarded to Curl, Kroto and Smalley for the discovery of C60 in 1996 and to Geim and Novoselov (2010) for their groundbreaking work on the two-dimensional material Graphene. These and other developments provide a firm foundation for investigating the way in which these nanostructures can be adapted for use in medicine through the development of new electronic interfaces, coatings for medical devices, and through the development of new drug delivery mechanisms to name but a few.
Editors Professor David Andrew Phoenix London South Bank University, UK Professor Waqar Ahmed University of Central Lancashire, UK ISBN (eBook): 978-1-910086-03-2 Publisher: One Central Press (OCP)
In this classic introductory text, the authors aim to identify the new concepts of organic chemistry, to select the ones that are clearly fundamental to the learning of organic chemistry, and then to build them into a framework of the book. The cornerstone of this framework is that chemical behavior is determined by molecular structure. Each topic is presented fully and clearly at a level appropriate for beginning students. The authors emphasize relationships between the seemingly unrelated facts and theories that students are learning in order to reveal the broad and complex pattern underlying organic chemistry. Where possible, they lead the students to find the pattern themselves, by working problems.
Perhaps the only thing that teachers of organic chemistry today are agreed on is textbooks -have frown too big. And they have – including our own’ And Nairn in preparing this sixth edition was to shorten the book’ We have; 150 pages idiom it aid, most important, have rewritten the early chapter to this fundamental material more accessible to the student. In shortening the book, however, we have stuck to the principle we have always held: these are beginning style.nts, and they need all the help they can get’ When we take up a topic we explain it as fully and clearly as we can; the book is shorter simply because we take up viewer topics’
Inorganic chemistry is that chemistry which deals with the synthesis and behaviour of inorganic and organ metallic compounds. This part of chemistry covers all chemical compounds except the myriad organic compounds (carbon based compounds, usually containing C-H bonds), which are the subjects of organic chemistry.
Allotropy: The two or more than two forms of any element are called allotropes; it can also be defined as a variant of a substance consisting of only one type of atom. It is a new molecular configuration, with new physical properties. Substances that have allotropes include carbon, oxygen, sulfur, and phosphorous while the presence of elements in more than one form is called allotropy.
Phosphorescence: It is that phenomena of substance, when any substance like calcium sulfide etc is kept open in sunlight then the optical radiations are absorbed by such substance and even after removing sunlight source and it also emits radiation.
Fluorescence: If the visible light is absorbed by certain substances then their atomic electrons become excited and sometimes, when these electrons come in their original state then different radiations of different wavelengths are obtained then it is said to be the phenomena of fluorescence.
Efflorescence: The salts like NaCl. 10 H2O, Na2CO3.10 H2O, etc. have an excess of water and when these are left in the air then these water crystals vaporize and salts transform into crystal powder, this phenomenon is called efflorescence. etc in this book
Book: Fundamental Inorganic Chemistry Author: Pl Soni ISBN-13: 5551234026791 Publisher: Sultan Chand & Sons – Tb Language: English
Food chemistry is the study of chemical processes and interactions of all biological and non-biological components of foods. The biological substances include such items as meat, poultry, lettuce, beer, milk as examples. It is similar to biochemistry in its main components such as carbohydrates, lipids, and protein, but it also includes areas such as water, vitamins, minerals, enzymes, food additives, flavors, and colors. This discipline also encompasses how products change under certain food processing techniques and ways either to enhance or to prevent them from happening. An example of enhancing a process would be to encourage fermentation of dairy products with microorganisms that convert lactose to lactic acid; an example of preventing a process would be stopping the browning on the surface of freshly cut apples using lemon juice or other acidulated water.
Author: Lillian Hoagland Meyer Paperback: 385 pages Publisher: Avi Publishing Co Inc.; 3rd ed. edition (1 December 1974) Language: English ISBN-10: 087055171X ISBN-13: 978-0870551710