The Effects of Nuclear Weapons

“When ‘The Effects of Atomic Weapons’ was published in 1950, the explosive energy yields of the fission bombs available at that time were equivalent to some thousands of tons (i.e., kilotons) of TNT. With the development of thermonuclear (fusion) weapons, having energy yields in the range of millions of tons (i.e., megatons) of TNT, a new presentation, entitled ‘The Effects of Nuclear Weapons,’ was issued in 1957. A completely revised edition was published in 1962 and this was reprinted with a few chances early in 1964. Since the last version of ‘The Effects of Nuclear Weapons’ was prepared, much new information has become available concerning nuclear weapons effects.

This has come in part from the series of atmospheric tests, including several at very high altitudes, conducted in the Pacific Ocean area in 1962. In addition, laboratory studies, theoretical calculations, and computer simulations have provided a better understanding of the various effects. Within the limits imposed by security requirements, the new information has been incorporated in the present edition. In particular, attention may be called to a new chapter on the electromagnetic pulse. The material is arranged in a manner that should permit the general reader to obtain a good understanding of the various topics without having to cope with the more technical details.

Most chapters are thus in two parts: the first part is written at a fairly low technical level whereas the second treats some of the more technical and mathematical aspects. The presentation allows the reader to omit any or all of the latter sections without loss of continuity.”

About Book

Title: The Effects of Nuclear Weapons
Author: United States. Department of Defense
Editors: Samuel Glasstone, Philip J. Dolan
Contributors: United States. Department of Energy, United States. Energy Research and Development
Edition: 3
Publisher: U.S. Department of Defense, 1977
Length: 653 pages

Sociology And The Military Establishment

Prepared for the American Sociological Society in 1959, Sociology and the Military Establishment explores the relationship between the military and the possible contributions of sociologists, particularly after World War II. It argues for more effective utilization of sociological theory and research in the analysis of problems to the military and makes evident that research on military problems would provide extremely valuable opportunities for testing sociological theory and method.

About Book

Title: Sociology And The Military Establishment
Author:  Morris Janowitz
Length: 114 pages
Publisher: Literary Licensing, LLC (19 May 2012)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 1258346699
ISBN-13: 978-1258346690

Makers of Modern Strategy from Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age

The essays in this volume analyze war, its strategic characteristics and its political and social functions, over the past five centuries. The diversity of its themes and the broad perspectives applied to them make the book a work of general history as much as a history of the theory and practice of war from the Renaissance to the present. Makers of Modern Strategy from Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age takes the first part of its title from an earlier collection of essays, published by Princeton University Press in 1943, which became a classic of historical scholarship. Three essays are reprinted from the earlier book; four others have been extensively revised. The rest–twenty-two essays–are new.

The subjects addressed range from major theorists and political and military leaders to impersonal forces. Machiavelli, Clausewitz, and Marx and Engels are discussed, as are Napoleon, Churchill, and Mao. Other essays trace the interaction of theory and experience over generations–the evolution of American strategy, for instance, or the emergence of the revolutionary war in the modern world. Still, others analyze the strategy of particular conflicts–the First and Second World Wars–or the relationship between technology, policy, and war in the nuclear age. Whatever its theme, each essay places the specifics of military thought and action in their political, social, and economic environment. Together the contributors have produced a book that reinterprets and illuminates war, one of the most powerful forces in history and one that cannot be controlled in the future without an understanding of its past.

About Book

Title: Makers of Modern Strategy from Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age
Author: PETER PARET, Gordon A. CRAIG, FELIX GILBERT
Paperback: 952 pages
Publisher: Princeton University Press; 1 edition (18 September 1992)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0691027641
ISBN-13: 978-0691027647

People, States, and Fear: The National Security Problem in International Relations

“This is the first systematic and in-depth examination of the concept of national security, and of the implications of the security dilemma. It is a searching analysis, rooted in a thorough grounding of the international theory and strategic studies, pieces of literature, and in the author’s compelling logic. This innovative study should help considerably in reintegrating strategic studies – which have become too highly technical – into the mainstream of theorizing in international relations. The volume should be required reading for all those interested in the problems of national security and arms control in an international system characterized by endemic conflict and the ever-present threat of nuclear war.” – K. J. Holsti, University of British Columbia.

“Very well written and we] I researched. There is much that is new and interesting in this book. The author’s concern for what is changing and evolving in the domain of international politics is particularly valuable… He shows how the conceptual outlooks of the power-politics `realist’ and the anti-power-politics `idealist’ can miss some of what is growing and shifting and changing in the international arena. The book will be very valuable to students and lay readers simply for the amount of ground it covers.” – George H. Quester, University of Maryland.

This book has had a long gestation. The idea of it took root in my mind during 1976. and in· the intervening period the work of many people has influenced its development. As the idea grew. it increasingly conditioned my reading. pushing me into unfamiliar areas and establishing the relevance of literatures which previously lay at the periphery of my thinking. Partly because the sources became so diverse, I have used bibliographical footnotes. rather than a single bibliography, to acknowledge my debts. Since the references do not constitute a coherent literature. it seemed more useful to concentrate them at their point of relevance in the text rather than to cluster them at the end.!any people have helped in ways more direct than my encounters with their writing.

The late Fred Hirsch told me I would have to learn some political economy, and on that point, as on _many others. he proved correct. My participation in a colloquium organized by John Ruggie on ‘alternative conceptions of international order’ provided an ideal context in which to pursue Fred’s advice and set me to thinking on a scale appropriate to this book. Dialogues with H.O. Nazareth has enriched my mind more than he might suspect, and although they have been in a completely different context from this project, the cross-fertilization has been considerable. The International Relations Group chaired by R.J. Barry Jones has stimulated me to think about several questions \vhich I would otherwise probably have ignored, and important parts of this book have grown from seeds planted during its discussions. I

About Book

Author: Barry Buzan
Title: People, States, and Fear The National Security Problem in International Relations
Length: 262 pages
Publisher: University of North Carolina Press (1983)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0807841137
ISBN-13: 978-0807841136

Introduction to the Constitution of India

The Introduction To The Constitution Of India, by Dr. Durga Das Basu, is not just another textbook for topics related to political science. It is an analytical piece of work that is immensely helpful for researchers and students of political science. Those who are aspiring to write competitive examinations held by the Union or State Public Service Commission, can consult this book for a better understanding of the subjects covered.

Provisions of the state constitutions and the issues of individual states have also been addressed in this book. The separatism in Punjab and Assam and the issues of Jammu and Kashmir have been discussed with critical comments included. The amendments in the constitution since The Government of India Act 1935, have also been covered in this book. It helps readers understand the trend of the changes to the Indian Constitution.

Introduction To The Constitution Of India covers the practices of the many constitutional provisions. The logical arrangement of the chapters helps readers learn each subject, while understanding their relation with each other. The table of contents is also analytically arranged, with footnotes and an index at the end of the book. The twenty-first edition of the book was published by LexisNexis in 2013 and is available in paperback.

Key Features

  • Besides theory, this book covers the practices of the constitution as well.
  • The book is laden with critical comments by the author for a better understanding of each section.

About Book

Title: Introduction to the Constitution of India
Author: Durga Das Basu
Edition: 4
Publisher: S.C. Sarkar, 1966
Length: 369 pages

The Evolution of International Security Studies

This book is about the evolution of International Security Studies (ISS), in the beginning as an independent field of study, but quite quickly absorbed as a sub-field of International Relations (IR), which was developing rapidly alongside it.1 Like IR itself, ISS is mainly a Western subject, largely done in North America, Europe and Australia with all of the Western-centrisms that this entails. ISS is one of the main sub-fields of Western IR. Wherever IR is taught, ISS is one of its central elements.

ThereisanantecedentliteratureextendingbackbeforetheSecondWorld which can largely be characterized as war studies, military, and grand strategy, and geopolitics. This includes much-discussed writers such as Clausewitz, Mahan, Richardson Landhaus Hofer, whose works still remain relevant. But we are not going to cover this literature both for reasons of space, and also because distinctive literature about security developed after 1945 (Freedman, 1981a; Wæver and Buzan, 2007). This literature was distinctive in three ways.

First, it took security rather than defence or war as its key concept, a conceptual shift which opened up the study of a broader set of political issues, including the importance of societal cohesion and the relationship between military and non-military threats and vulnerabilities. The ability of a security to capture the conceptual centre of ISS dealing with defence, war and conflict as well as the broadness of the term was famously condensed in Wolfers’s definition of security as an ambiguous symbol. In laying out the ability of security policy to subordinate all other interests to those of the nation, Wolfers stressed the rhetorical and political force that ‘security’ entailed despite having very little intrinsic meaning (Wolfers, 1952: 481). Second, this literature was distinct because it addressed the novel problems of both the Cold War and nuclear weapons. How to deploy, use and not use military means

International Security Studies (ISS) has changed and diversified in many ways since 1945. This book provides the first intellectual history of the development of the subject in that period. It explains how ISS evolved from an initial concern with the strategic consequences of superpower rivalry and nuclear weapons, to its current diversity in which environmental, economic, human and other securities sit alongside military security, and in which approaches ranging from traditional Realist analysis to Feminism and Post-colonialism are in play. It sets out the driving forces that shaped debates in ISS, shows what makes ISS a single conversation across its diversity, and gives an authoritative account of debates on all the main topics within ISS. This is an unparalleled survey of the literature and institutions of ISS that will be an invaluable guide for all students and scholars of ISS, whether traditionalist, ‘new agenda’ or critical.

About Book

Title: The Evolution of International Security Studies
Authors: Barry Buzan, Research Professor of International Studies Centre for the Study of Democracy Barry Buzan, Lene Hansen
Edition: illustrated, reprint
Publisher: Cambridge University Press, 2009
ISBN: 0521872618, 9780521872614
Length: 384 pages

Principles of Management

Welcome to the textbook revolution(you will have to read on to learn more about the revolution that you have joined in using this material for your class). We are happy to have you on Carpenter, Bauer, and Erdogan’sPrinciples of Management team! Given that principle is likely to be one of the first management courses, if not one of the first business courses, that students take, our objective in developing this material was to provide students and instructors with a solid and comprehensive foundation on the fundamentals of management. Each of the sixteen chapters is comprehensive but succinct, and action-oriented but not busy (as in busy work). Moreover, the book and supplements have been written in a direct and active style that we hope students and instructors find both readily accessible and relevant.

Principles of Management covers all of the traditional topics in an introductory management course. The authors teach management principles to tomorrow’s business leaders by weaving three threads through every chapter: strategy, entrepreneurship, and leadership. Version 3.0 has been streamlined to make key points more quickly and describe them more powerfully.

About Book

Title: Principles of Management
Authors: Mason Andrew Carpenter, Talya Bauer
Length: 446 pages
Publisher: FlatWorld (2016)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 1453375023
ISBN-13: 978-1453375020
ASIN: B079C8JD57

International Law: A Treatise

The course of events since 1905, when this work first made its appearance, and the results of further research have necessitated not only the thorough revision of the former text and the rewriting of some of its parts, but also the discussion of a number of new topics. But while the new matter which has been incorporated has added considerably to the length of the work —the additions to the bibliography, text, and notes amounting to nearly a quarter of the former work—this second edition is not less convenient in size than its predecessor. By rearranging the matter on the page, using a line extra on each, and a greater number of words on a line, by setting the bibliography and notes in smaller type, and by omitting the Appendix, it has been found possible to print the text of this new edition on 626 pages, as compared with 594 pages of the first edition.

The system being elastic it was possible to place most of the additional matter within the same sections and under the same headings as before. Some of the points treated are, however, so entirely new that it was necessary to deal with them under separate headings, and within separate sections. The reader will easily distinguish them, since, to avoid disturbing the arrangement of topics, these new sections have been inserted between the old ones, and numbered as the sections preceding them, but with the addition of the letters a, b, &c. The more important of these new sections are the following: § 178a (concerning the Utilisation of the Flow of Rivers); §§ 287a and 287b (concerning Wireless Telegraphy on the Open Sea); §§ 287c and 287d (concerning Mines and Tunnels in the Subsoil of the Sea bed); § 446a (concerning the Casa Blanca incident); §§ 476a and 476b (concerning the International Prize Court and the suggested International Court of Justice); §§ 568a and 568b (concerning the Conventions of the Second Hague Peace Conference, and the Declaration of London); § 576a (concerning Pseudo-Guarantees). Only towards the end of the volume has this mode of dealing with the new topics been departed from. As the chapter treating of Unions, the last of the volume, had to be entirely rearranged and rewritten, and a new chapter on Commercial Treaties inserted, the old arrangement comes to an end with § 577; and §§ 578 to 596 of this new edition present an arrangement of topics which differs from that of the former edition.

I venture to hope that this edition will be received as favourably as was its predecessor. My aim, as always, has been to put the matter as clearly as possible before the reader, and nowhere have I forgotten that I am writing as a teacher for students. It is a matter of great satisfaction to me that the prophetic warnings of some otherwise very sympathetic reviewers that a comprehensive treatise on International Law in two volumes would never be read by young students have proved mistaken. The numerous letters which I have received from students, not only in this country but also in America, Japan, France, and Italy, show that I was not wrong when, in the preface to the former edition, I described the work as an elementary book for those beginning to study the subject. Many years of teaching have confirmed me in the conviction that those who approach the study of International Law should at the outset be brought face to face with its complicated problems, and should at once acquire a thorough understanding of the wide scope of the subject. If writers and lecturers who aim at this goal will but make efforts to use the clearest language and an elementary method of explanation, they will attain success in spite of the difficulty of the problems and the wide range of topics to be considered.

About Book

Title: International Law: A Treatise, Volume 1
Author: Lassa Oppenheim
Publisher: Longmans, Green, 1905

Munitions of the mind: A History of Propaganda from the ancient world to the present era

This book first appeared in 1990, with a second edition in 1995. It was, until recently, the only single volume history of propaganda from the ancient world to the present day. No such volume can purport to be comprehensive, but it has proved necessary to update the final chapters and to add new ones that embrace the Balkan wars (including the 1999) Kosovo campaign and, of course, the so-called ‘war’ against international terrorism. As I write this new preface, the world is gearing up for another possible war against Saddam Hussein in Iraq. Leaflets have already been dropped there. This book attempts to place the conduct of propaganda during these events within a wider historical context. It retains its main thesis that propaganda is a much misunderstood word, that it is not necessarily the ‘bad thing’ that most people think it is. As a process of persuasion, it is value neutral.

Rather, it is the intention behind the propaganda which demands scrutiny and it is that intention which begs value judgments, not the propaganda itself. Much has happened since 1995, not least the terrorist attacks on New York and Washington on 11 September 2001, or ‘9/11’ as it is now currently being described in shorthand. We are in the middle of another major propaganda campaign, although it is often difficult for us to identify it for what it is because we are living through it. News and views are all around us, speculation is rife, sides are being polarized. Indeed, the issue of Iraq notwithstanding, we may be on the verge of the greatest propaganda campaign ever seen as the West struggles to convince the Muslim world that this is not a war against Islam when many in the Islamic world genuinely believe that it is. President George W. Bush warns that the United States is in it ‘for the long haul’. If so, then we will see a new global struggle for hearts and minds that may be on a par with the Cold War. This book should, until its next edition, provide some clues as to how to identify propaganda for what it is, how it has evolved and – most importantly – to judge for oneself the intentions behind those undertaking it.

A classic work, Munitions of the mind traces how propaganda has formed part of the fabric of conflict since the dawn of warfare, and how in its broadest definition it has also been part of a process of persuasion at the heart of human communication. Stone monuments, coins, broadsheets, paintings and pamphlets, posters, radio, film, television, computers and satellite communications – throughout history, propaganda has had access to ever more complex and versatile media.

This third edition has been revised and expanded to include a new preface, new chapters on the 1991 Gulf War, information age conflict in the post-Cold War era, and the world after the terrorist attacks of September 11. It also offers a new epilogue and a comprehensive bibliographical essay.

About Book

Title: Munitions of the Mind: A History of Propaganda, Third Edition
Author: Philip M. Taylor
Series: Politics Culture and Society in Early Modern Britain MUP
Length: 360 pages
Publisher: Manchester University Press; 3rd edition (November 15, 2003)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0719067677
ISBN-13: 978-0719067679

TERRORISMUS

Assassinations, bombings, hijackings, diplomatic kidnappings-terrorism is the most publicized form of political violence. The history of terrorism goes back a very long time, but the very fact that there is such a history has frequently been ignored, even suppressed. This may be because terrorism has not appeared with equal intensity at all times. When terrorism reappeared in the late twentieth century after a period of relative calm, there was the tendency to regard it as a new phenomenon, without precedent. The psychological study of terrorism has never been much in fashion. But this neglect has left a number of crucial questions unanswered. Among these are why some people who share the same convictions turn to terrorism and others do not. What is terrorism’s true impact on international politics? What influence might it exert in the future?

A History of Terrorism completes Walter Laqueur’s pioneering and authoritative study of guerrilla warfare and terrorist activity. He charts the history of political terror from nineteenth-century Europe, through the anarchists of the 1880s and 1890s, the left- and right-wing clashes during the twentieth century, and the multinational operations of Arab and other groups today. Laqueur examines the sociology of terrorism: funding, intelligence gathering, weapons and tactics, informers and countermeasures, and the crucial role of the media. He probes the “terrorist personality” and how terrorists have been depicted in literature and films. The doctrine of systematic terrorism and current interpretations of terrorism, its common patterns, motives, and aims, are unflinchingly faced and clearly explicated. Finally, Laqueur considers the effectiveness of terrorism and examines the ominous possibility of nuclear blackmail.

Challenging accepted assumptions, forecasting the changes in terrorist activity that will affect tomorrow’s headlines, Walter Laqueur demystifies terrorism without belittling its importance. Together with its companion volume, Guerrilla Warfare, also available from Transaction, A History of Terrorism is an essential tool for assessing and understanding this all-too-often sensationalized modern expression of extreme political action.

About Book

Author: Walter Lequeur
Publisher: Atheneum Verlag
Title: Terrorismus
Length: 250 pages
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