India is the seventh-largest country in the world with a total geographical area of 328.73 m ha. and has the second largest population 121crores (2011), after China. The total arable land available is 144 million hectares of which 70% is under rainfed cultivation. Around 55-60 percent of the total population depends on agriculture and allied activities. Horticulture crops constitute a significant portion of total agricultural production in the country.
The term Horticulture is derived from the Latin words: “Hortus” meaning garden and “culture” meaning cultivation. In ancient days the gardens had protected enclosures with high walls or similar structures surrounding the houses. The enclosed places were used to grow fruit, vegetables, flowers, and ornamental plants. Therefore, in the original sense “Horticulture refers to the cultivation of garden plants within protected enclosures”.
At present, the horticulture may be defined as the science and technique of production, processing, and merchandizing of fruits, vegetables, flowers, spices, plantations, medicinal and aromatic plants
|Authors : G. S. K. Swamy,Dr. J. Auxcilia|
ISBN: 9789327280074, 9327280075